Transloading operations often take place in the open sea, or where possible, in sheltered waters away from port constraints. During the operation, the transfer vessel or terminal is moored next to an ocean-going vessel.
A transfer unit can be equipped with MacGregor heavy-duty grab cranes and a MacGregor bulk handling system incorporating deck hoppers, a conveyor system and a ship loader. The grab cranes transfer the cargo into the terminal’s deck hoppers which feed it to the conveyor system. This moves the cargo along to the ship loader which directs it into the receiving vessel’s holds.
A transfer terminal can also be equipped with a MacGregor gravity-fed self-unloading system which transfers cargo directly from shuttle barges via the terminal into large bulk carriers. Employing a continuous unloading system throughout the whole transloading operation is the most efficient solution, making it possible to achieve very high discharge capacities.
Moving cargo handling operations from ports to the open sea by means of transloading systems offers great benefits for charterers and the local environment. Expensive and ecologically harmful dredging operations are also avoided in sensitive coastal areas.
A floating transfer terminal ensures virtually dust-free cargo handling. To lower dust emissions during an offshore operation, the conveyor system and the ship loader are totally enclosed. To further reduce dust creation during transloading, dust filters and spray water nozzles can be fitted in the discharge chutes, between conveyors and at unloading points. This ensures a clean ship and a clean terminal, with no dust pollution to impact the surrounding areas.